AEGYSSUS – Tulcea
Late Roman fort
On top of the so-called Hill of the Monument, an important pre-Roman establishment of Celtic origin, considering its name) has been identified dating from the 4th to the 1st century BC. This settlement was overbuilt by a Roman settlement, were only a thermal complex in known but it must have had a special importance. Here a monument to the honor of the Emperor Titus was detested, the earliest proof of the Roman presence on the Dobroudja Danube.
During the Late Roman times a new fort was built including massive fortification walls. This military installation was again inhabited during the Byzantine age. During the period of the Dominatum of Aegyssus a part of the legion 1st lovia Scythica was stationed here (when it headquarter was at Noviodunum) together with a cavalry unit but with a vexilletio Egissensis.
During the 6th century an Episcopal center is attested at the place.
(authors: Dr. Alexandru Suceveanu, Dr. Liviu Petculescu, Dr. Ioan Carol Opriş)